Heliopolis (Masr al-Gadida)

Heliopolis (Masr al-Gadida)

Doubling of the population of Cairo and exponential growth of a foreign community at the end of the XIX century have made enormous need for the brand new dwelling which has occupied imagination of the Belgian businessman. Baron Empen has suggested to make the garden city in the desert, connected with a business part of the small town the land underground: the commercial project, nice for investors as Empen’s company should receive and the income of real estate tenancy, and a fare of inhabitants of Heliopolis. The wide prospectuses of the suburb put by sir Redzhinald Ouksom in the form of a circular grid, have been built up with apartment houses with pale yellow facades in the Mauritian style, broken by a bush. Named in honour of the old small town of the sun about Matariyya, Heliopolis has found all infrastructure from schools and churches to a race field and Groppi branch soon.
Rich Egyptians lodged here from the very beginning, and simply successful became populated as foreigners in masses left Heliopolis in the 1950th. At the same time round Heliopolis began grow poorer quarters that has finished its exclusive isolation from Huge Cairo. In the 1970th заместо spacious country houses skyscrapers with the conditioned air began to be under construction, a race field has reincarnated in an amusement park, in an abundance there were institutions of a quick food. Now guests move here for the sake of restaurants and night life or for this purpose to admire elegant architecture of constructions повдоль the central boulevards. Many foreigners rent the dwelling or live in Heliopolis which «New Cairo» (Masr al-Gadida) at present is called.

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