Coast of the Dark sea. A little stories about the people and the small towns of Turkey

Coast of the Dark sea. A little stories about the people and the small towns of Turkey

The people of Turkey and their value in world history
The history for those who makes travel to Turkey is tempting. At first the I millennium BC the most ancient Greeks went to Pontus Evksinsky as they called the Dark sea, with a certain awe. They considered local inhabitants as barbarians, but nevertheless took from communication with them the best, as has found reflexion in the myth about the well-known campaign to Colchis Yason and Argonauts. Between VII and IV centuries BC on the coast of Pontus there were innumerable colonies of immigrants from the cities from the Aegean Sea which represented itself as transshipment пт on trading ways through Pontiysky mountains. On a place of these colonies there are practically all modern the small town of Turkey of the Black Sea coast, whose names quite often represent oturechenny names of old settlements. This area for short term became a place of historical events when pontiysky governor Midridat IV Evpator is sensitive was has not expelled Romans from Anatoli. Romans have suppressed the revolts some lifted by Mitridat and have concentrated the settlements in the west of the coast of the Dark sea, also in the areas removed deep into a land, and all lands to the east of Trabzon remained in hands of their vassals. It, also weather in Turkey which did not render own pernicious influence unless on the strongest constructions, and explains almost total absence here old ruins. With acceptance of Christianity of the relation of local inhabitants actually have not exchanged, only main Byzantian the small town on the steel coast more ellinizirovanny, and the offended province povsevremenno plunged Byzantium into wars, addressing for the help that to Persia, to Armenia.
The small town of Turkey developing under the influence of other states
Tours to Turkey the stories of Turkey combined with research leave remarkable feelings for many years. Defeat of the Byzantian empire at Mantsikert in 1071 separated from Anatoli was not reflected by ridges of the Black Sea coast in destiny in any way, and here capture in 1204 of Constantinople knights of the 4th crusade had still bigger effect, and the region the 2nd time has become history, when the Byzantian governor from a dynasty Komninov a donkey in Trebizond (Trabzon), and that in an extent of one and a half centuries had bolshushchy influence, but has fallen into decay later. After fight at Mantsikert on the Black Sea coast, in particular on a piece from Sinop to Samsun, influence the Turk began to extend. The dynasty Trapezuntinov even has signed with them the contract for this purpose successfully to compete to genoeses trading here and Venetians. This dissociation has come to the end with formation of the Ottoman Empire though even they left pontiysky feudal lords деребеев (in transfer with Turkish — «the master of a valley») semi-independent governors, with which they and were directly prior to the beginning of the XIX century. It, also that replacement of the Christian population Muslim left only near Trabzon, explains that houses in Turkey and monuments are executed in Islamic style of architecture as prior to the beginning of last century the most part of the local cities remained half Greek, half Armenian. This balance was broken, when the Black Sea coast of Asia Minor in the 3rd time has become history: it left during Russian-Turkish wars where interests of the Russian Federation and Turkey from 1828 to 1915 faced four times as the royal Russian Federation mode in every possible way supported local separatist moods, in particular after 1877. From 1918 to 1922. Greeks tried to base here the pontiysky government and to organise guerrilla movement against Ataturk’s nationalists.
Modern affairs of the cities of Turkey with Georgia
After Ataturk’s victory and formation of the Turkish Republic the Greek negotiators have been expelled from the country together with the remains of Turkish orthodox Greeks, and the Black Sea coast has started to experience economic difficulties which in the 1930th have led to mass hunger. The local economy should own restoration in the main thing хамси – the population of Turkey which so call because of хамсы with which catching they have been occupied in the winter. Enterprising, often scandalous, they have established a mafia in the organisation of transportations, accessory and building industry on all country, the most part from them natives from хамси, living now abroad finance. All this should explain, why small town of this region are so ugly. In former days the coast was sphere of activity of businessmen Christians which in big degree bear responsibility for unattractiveness of the remained architecture. Disseminated through hillocks in the distance from the small village sea usually connect between itself only a mosque and the unique shop. The people of Turkey living in them peculiar, did not consider it necessary to unite in groups: water and arable lands here always was in an abundance. There was no tradition to plan the city, and the burst construction boom has turned back concrete despondency when everyone has started to do everything that it would like. Opening in 1990 of border with Georgia has caused new splash in an urbanization and consolidation of a stream of lorries that became the main precondition of construction of the latest going повдоль the seas of the four-band highway. Many hotels of Turkey offer small historical magazines the countries narrating about history.

Many the small town, offering rounds to Turkey, Stavropol and others by all means solve a question of air flights.

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